The Portuguese military orders, decorations and medals are presented acordingly to order of precedence. We focus here only on the military relevant military orders, excluding some of the military orders, national & merit orders. You can know more on all these in the website of the Presidency of the Portuguese Republic for ODMs. The ribbons in the following chart are simple, with no devices on them, even if one is required for use.
The Portuguese Military ODM system is divided into Ancient Military Orders (Tower and Sword, Aviz and Cristo), Military Medals and Commemorative Medals. The distinction between the last two is made in the current legislation (2002), and stems from the way the Military Medal was created in 5 October, 1863, then, just in 3 classes (Vlour, Good Services and Exemplary Behaviour).
The creation of new military medals (War Cross and Military Merit) as well as numerous commemorative ones (Campaigns, Wounded, Promotion for distinction, POWs, etc), most during and just after the World War I, led to the distinction, in 1946, between military and commemorative medals, all under the Military Medal ‘umbrella’, which is still used.
Eventually, the creation of five merit medals between 1985 and 2002 has led to a very rich and comprehensive honour system available to reward the military service of the Portuguese Armed Forces and all its soldiers, seamen and airmen.
I. MILITARY ORDERS AND MEDALS
Military Order of the Tower and the Sword
Military Order of Christ
Military Order of Aviz
Military Merit medal
Exemplary Behaviour medal
II. COMMEMORATIVE MEDALS
Promoted for Distinguished Feats in Campaign medal
Wounded in Campaign medal
Recognition medal (POW)
Campaigns Commemorative medal
Special Comissions of Service Commemorative medal
III. OTHER COMMEMORATIVE MEDALS (OBSOLETE, ETC)
Cruz de Guerra Peninsular (Oficiais)
Queen D. Amélia medal (colonial campaigns)
D. Pedro & D. Maria medal – Liberty Campaigns/Civilian services